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Olympic and paralympic games in london

1. Introduction

On 6th July in Year 2005, London has been selected as the host cit of 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games . The Olympic Games will be held on 27 July 2012, with the Paralympics following from 29 August 2012, (, House of Commons – Public Accounts – Thirty-Ninth Report) therefore, the organizations which have the provision of a fixed duration of the Olympic Games related. Progress has been made in a number of areas London was chosen to host the Games, in the key projects, re-routing underground Olympic Park, including the power line. (The Report of 2012 London Olympics, 2009) Olympic Delivery Authority has also begun the procurement activities, including the appointment of Delivery Partners, to support the management of Olympic Delivery in venues and infrastructure. (Annual Report and Accounts 2006-2007, Olympic Delivery Authority)

1.1Experiences of Olympic regeneration

l The failure of Helliniko Olympic Complex after 2004

There were 22 permanent new venues built for the 2004 game. The rest of the competition venues have been renovated to cater for larger audiences.

Only one out of the 33 competing venues was temporary and intended for removal afterward.

Helliniko Olympic complex (one of the two Olympic complexes):

—Six Sporting venues: Kayak, Hockey, Baseball, Softball and two indoor arenas.

—The complex has been left derelict since 2004.

l Successes in Atlanta

Before the Olympic, the Centennial Olympic Park’s neighbourhood was a run-down as is East London.

After the Olympics, the 21-acre park performs a dual mission as:

—Georgia’s lasting legacy of the Centennial Olympic Game

be located in Stratford, East London, Lower Lea Valley, and houses the main venue of the following:

The Olympic Stadium

The Aquatics Centre

The Hockey Centre

The Velopark (Containing Velodrome and BMX Circuit)

Four Multi-Sports Areas (in one building)

(Construction Projects of the 2012 London Olympics, 2006)

(London 2012 Constructing the Olympic reality, Andrew Bolton)

2. Construction Projects

For the construction industry, the London Olympic and Paralympic Games Organizing Committee said it would involve a 80,000 – seat Olympic stadium, an Aquatics Centre, 4 Multi-Sports Arenas, a Velopark, Hockey Center, as well as numerous training, catering broadcasting development and security facilities. (// regard to the Olympic Village, the Committee also mentioned that it would consist of approximately 4,000 residential accommodation units, which will be the construction of housing 17000 athletes and officials, the formation of more than 200 nations.(Consrtcution Projects of the 2012 London Olympics,2006)

The most important is that these long-term achievements are very wide-ranging and, directly or indirectly related to property, redevelopment and construction activities, sustainability, regeneration and infrastructure.(//,2006)

2.1 Master plan in Construction

From the report of “Construction Projects of the 2012 London Olympics”, explained, the Olympic Park master plan by the London Development Agency (LAD) and BuroHappold from leading industry consultants including engineers, project managers and architects Huokemeisi Team support to sports, Alies and Morrison, Foreign Office Architects, consulting Faithful and Gould and Mott MacDonald.(Construction Projects of the 2012 London Olympics,2006)

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The overall plan for research, it is easy to find, the Olympic Games will be held at venues across the country with the main focus on the Olympic Park. The park will be located in Stratford, East London, Lower Lea Valley, and houses the main venue of the following:

The Olympic Stadium

The Aquatics Centre

The Hockey Centre

The Velopark (Containing Velodrome and BMX Circuit)

Four Multi-Sports Areas (in one building)

(Construction Projects of the 2012 London Olympics,2006)

(London 2012 Constructing the Olympic reality, Andrew Bolton)

2.2 The Strategy for Sustainable Construction

The sustainable construction strategy (// is a joint industry and Government initiative designed to promote leadership and behavior change, as well as provide the benefit in the construction industry and the overall economy. Its purpose is to achieve sustainable development and construction of a common vision: to provide a clarity business-to-the Government’s position, so that a variety of regulations and measures for sustainability; Setting and commitment to higher standards in order to help achieve the specific areas of sustainability; Production industry and the Government’s specific commitments to take sustainable construction agenda forward. (The big build: structures Milestones to 27 July 2010, Olympic Delivery Authority, 2009)

3. Transportation

By the Sixth Special Report of Session 2006-2007, which belongs to the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games Transport concluded that in all of the plans to provide the delivery system acrossed all the model is fully established, they are expected to reach the propose which bellowed: (Transport for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympics Games: The Draft Transport plan: Olympic Delivery Authority Response to the Committee’s Third Report of Session 2006-2007, the House of Commons, 2007) In order to make the best use of existing transport infrastructure, form improve service levels to achieve the best possible value for the money, and only the establishment of new infrastructure where it is vital and leaves a legacy. The use of cost-effective temporary solution, if necessary, to meet the temporary peaks which demand for the travel of the Olympic Games in the absence of inheritance. If the new infrastructure or services needed for the ODA’s strategy is to utilize existing expertise and processes to deliver them. The ODA has been delivered with partners in the UK under a series of agreements and Britain’s well establishment of transportation industries, offering on behalf of railway projects. Partners include Transport for London (TfL), Network Rail and Docklands Light Railway (DLR), each of the implementation of projects of all transportation experience. This experience has been further strengthened directly related to work into the management of recruiting a lot of experience in ODA transport team. (London 2012 Accessible Transport Strategy for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, May 2008)

3.1 The strategy for Transport

And about the strategy of accessible can use: The 2012 Olympic Games will be a catalyst to improve the whole of London and the UK’s transport network accessibility. The Olympic Delivery Authority (ODA) target for 100% of the spectators’ access by public transport, cycling or on foot to the Olympic Games. And also make sure the ticket to the Games, including free travel by public transport in London for the activities of the day to encourage the spectators to use the transport system. There will be a 35 km pedestrian and cycle paths, an area of increasing. (These slides refer form London 2012 Accessible Transport Strategy for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games May 2008)

3.11 Docklands Light Railway (DLR)

Docklands Light Railway Limited (DLRL) (// the organization; with the railway’ own assets. In the Department of Transportation as part of its role is to oversee operation of the railway and program development to meet the needs of the east.

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Form the report of the 2012 Olympics; it mentioned that ODA co-funding early procurement form 22 additional rail cars to 55 of the beginning of the formation of three-cars to run in 2012 (rather than two-cars operators).The new requirements, under-river channel expansion of Woolwich Arsenal’s official development assistance has made a contribution to the signal and power engineering. The first tunneling drivers southwards to Arsenal station completed in December last year. And also a wide range of infrastructure projects across the DLR; which affect a network of 17 to three-car trains in 2012 (in a 50 per cent of the capacity between Lewisham and the Bank to increase). To guaranteed the ability to Prince Regent Station and Customs House official station development assistance funds to serve the Excel event improvement works. Ensure that City Airport expansion on time and below the budget. Then the new platform of DLR and access in Stratford Regional Station to the service needs of long-term growth. ODA is co-financing of the North London Line into the operation of the DLR operation, South and East of Stratford Regional Station, which is in progress. (//,2009)

3.12 London Underground

All Line train lengthening the individual increase of 17 per cent capacity (has been already completed, in January 2006), moving block signals will be installed in order to reduce 25 percent in December 2009 journey time, further enhance capacity. In addition, there are several large background schemes between 2009 and 2012; including all District line trains refurbished fulfill the plan. (Transport for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games: The Draft Transport plan: Olympic Delivery Authority Response to the Committee’s Third report of Session 2006-07, the House of Commons, 2007)

3.13 National Rail Projects

In particular, the ODA is essential to stable away from the Stratford Train parking facilities to the west of the Lea Valley railway lines. West Ham station enhances passenger service for mainline commuter station signals increase the capacity of trains per hour stopping. In a wide range of capabilities, more and more on the design and preparation of Stratford Regional Station to start the project site. In addition, there are eight local, regional or national railway projects schemes to improve railway transportation capacity, reliability and travel for all users (//, the ambience, as well as the Olympic Games provide specific benefits, these include:

(1) Enhanced to a higher frequency among the metro style between Richmond and Stratford-service of the North London Line. (// (2) By the summer of 2010 to extend the delivery and reconstruction of East London Line Highbury and Islington, connect with Stratford (//, in the North and Crystal Palace in the south of London. (//  (3)Between the completion of St Pancras, Stratford International, Ebbsfleet and Paris/Brusseis, it has the high-speed connection. (Transport for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympics Games: The Draft Transport plan: Olympic Delivery Authority Response to the Committee’s Third Report of Session 2007-2007, the House of Commons, 2007) (//

4. Community

It is clear that regeneration goal: into a new prosperous and sustainable society of the Olympic Park in east London, and as an investment and development opportunities, the success of the catalyst.

During the Olympics, in 246 hectares of Olympic Park facilities include permanent and temporary facilities, including the Olympic stadium, the aquatics center and velodrome. There will also be the Olympic Village, media center and new parks, all over the Lea Valley waterways. (, 2009)

After the Olympics, the park’s sports legacy will be in fulfilling our plans and to participate in community’s traditional elite sports core of the obligations. The focus of activities and its affiliated schools sports facilities will be retained for sports clubs and local communities, as well as the adaptation of elite and amateur athletes.

Another 1 million new homes will develop the Olympic Park itself. These 40% will be used for families; a large proportion of affordable housing.They will participate in all of the elements of a good community: schools, libraries, shops, cafes, restaurants, green space and community facilities, to the development of the major cultural and tourist attractions. (The budget for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games Fourteenth Report of Session 2007-08, Home of Common Community of Public Accounts)

Has the improvement of transport services, and many parks are under way, including the Docklands Light Railway extension, an increase of the silver-line capabilities and Stratford Regional Station upgrade.Around the park, people enjoy through the canal Towpath, footpaths and cycle networks, greater access to parks and open spaces.

5. Case study

These cases play the significant role for the 2012 London Olympic Games and Paralympic Games, which are Lewisham, Stratford, and Canary Warf.

5.1 Lewisham

Lewisham as one of the closest geographical neighbors to the host boroughs, Lewisham represents a gateway to the games and the capital.

Lewisham town center is the city’s major retail area and an important railway hub with mainline, Docklands Light Railway (DLR) and bus interchanges.

Lewisham Couil is ready to care the realization of the Gateway scheme focuses on the city center plan of action. The scheme will provide 1,000 new homes, new shopping and improve the environment. (//, 2009)The Gateway development is the key to eliminate the existing roundabout to make better use of land is currently surrounded by traffic.

Rearrange the road at the junction of the railway line; new development opportunities are being created. This will create a well-designed transport interchange, new housing and new employment opportunities; enhance the existing town center links. (// the further investment plans of the High Street, this center with regard to the expansion and reconstruction of Valley shopping center and public areas renovated.At the appropriate time, in the Lewis Grove Island and Engate Street redevelopment may occur as soon as possible. Other areas, the planning consent of more than 200 homes each year, including Thurston Road and Venson Sites.

5.2 Stratford

This massive development plan will bring nearly 5,000 homes and 30,000 jobs to Stratford, and has obtained outline-planning consent. Newham Council’s Development Control and Licensing Committee approve the Stratford City development; will change rundown rail lands as a major shopping and commercial area. ()

The plan includes 465,000 square meters of offices, about 11,000 people, 150,500 square meters of retail space, up to the 2000 hotel bedrooms in 4,850 new homes. There is also a drop-in in health centers and primary health care center, plus community facilities including an employment bureau and youth facilities. (,2009) There will be a four-form of primary and secondary school, which could for 900 students, a four-classroom nursery and facilities for lifelong learning, plus a large number of public open spaces, games areas and water features facilities. A library, tourist information centers, nurseries, day-care facilities, public services and security offices, offices and civil society groups and religious sites, facilities, facilities are being planned. (//, 2009)

The application will now be referred to the Mayor of London, Deputy Prime Minister’s Office and the Secretary of State for Transport. (//, 2009)

Also must rise to a legal agreement between all parties in order to reduce environmental and transport network development. Newham accepted as part of the agreement at any time £150.4 million pounds welfare of the community.

The project covers an area of 73 crosses the railway land, has become with the railway industry to reduce redundant. (//, 2009) Consultation exercise has been going on between the local planning authorities, statutory undertakers, transport bodies, the major landowners and local communities.

Stratford City scheme, including 4500 for the 11,000 inhabitants, 46.5 million square meters of commercial office space and 15 million square meters of the town center, a total of three department stores and 120 shops and cafes. (//, 2009) The development surrounds the Startford Channel Tunnel Rail Link international station, which will open in 2007. The proposed of Stratford City will begin construction in 2006, completed in 2009 following the development of the city center and 2020, the stage of completion. This will create a new business area as a gateway to Europe, only 2 hours from Paris to London. The new Stratford International Station will be placed within easy reach of the railway in Europe. (//www.rao;, 2009) The development will create local employment opportunities for local people, including the 15000 construction jobs and up to 30,000 retail and office work.

5.3 Canary Wharf

Canary Wharf is home to a high concentration of headquarters and is an established financial services centre rivalling the City.(Preparations for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games— Risk assessment and management, Thirty-ninth Report of Session 2006-2007, House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts

) Companies, including Barclays Bank, Reuters, Citigroup, HSBC and Morgan Stanley. About 65,000 people work here and the region is expected by 2010, employing 10 million people- including 3,000 employees, to 70,000 volunteers and a lot of contractors. ()

To the area offer most affordable rates for a number of commercial and industrial property accumulations in London. The A13 and A2 corridors either the River Thames east side of the corridor is more active regions running the new industrial and logistics development. Canary Wharf offers some of the best office space in London. (//, 2009) Contrast to the Commerce: from High-Profile, award-winning range of the region’s Canary Wharf development in a well-developed environmental technology, manufacturing, R & D, logistics and distribution centers of industrial facilities.

East London City Airport is designed for business travel. Quick check-in service, management personnel can sit less than 30 minutes after the aircraft left the desk. London International Airport is all within 60 minutes of Canary Wharf. The Jubilee line connects Stratford and Canary Wharf’s major railway terminals, while the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) to connect Canary Wharf and other East London City and direct. This station serves the heart of Canary Wharf’s financial and media district. It architecturally stuns station, includes over 200 shops, waterside bars and restaurants. (//www.thinkinglondon.html, 2009)

6. Conclusion

As we have known, the Olympics take more effects to London, to UK. However, from another side, whether we think about the slides below:

The movement of middle class families into urban areas causing property values to rise and having the secondary effect of driving out poorer families

The Docklands regeneration was criticized for reinforcing the social divide between rich and poor

With 30% post-games housing being affordable to low income families, there will be an imbalance of rich and poor in the society

Will the area revert to poverty or gentrify?

Maybe above all the slides told that everything has two sides, good and bad. At present, from this research project, it proved that most of the direction of Government doing were advantage, those will bring more effects to people, although bring some Negative aspects. They are unprecedented for a development of this nature.


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