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Types And History Of Western Art Art Essay

Art which is followed by European countries are referred as Western Art, And also those art are accepted by those countries.When we see about the history of western art it takes us to the middle of the ancient middle east and ancient times of Egypt and also the civilization of ancient Aegean. It Dates back to 3rdmillennium. On the same time line, when the western art is carried on there are also one or the other form existed among Europe.The influence of the western art lasted even for the next two thousand years, that fell into the memory of the medival period. Even western art is divided into many style of periods. and those periods are also subdivided.


These are furthers of subdivided. Western art is art of European country. It developed on 3 rd millennium period .At the beginning art was started like just to fill up. The flat surface. Then it developed into representing optical illusions. On the other hand western art is influenced by secularism.Since the classical times.Where for past 200 years the art made was done without any ideology or without any reference with any religion.Whereas in west art is often influenced by politics of one or the other of that period.This drive towards pictorial of the realism gone to the peak and they came to the invention of photography. There beginnings of the arts were they like the still lives. Here I am going to compare the contrast between the (cubism and surrealism)

Types of western art

Sumerian art

Persian art

Celtic art

Roman art

Romanesque art

Gothic art


Baroque art



Post impressionism



Decorative arts



Pop art

Islamic art

Egyptian art

Ancient Greek art

Modern art


Cubism is invented by Pablo Picasso in (1881-1973).one more artist is Georges Braque in 1882 and consider the revolt movement of the art. He use the cubes style, triangles and the some normal shapes of paint anything because,This is the most famous painting Juan Gris.

Juan Gris Portrait of Picasso (1912)

Cubism is the most fundamental, ground-breaking, and influential ism of twentieth-period art. It is wholerejection of Traditional conception of loveliness.

Cubism was the joint creation of two men, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Their success was made the base of Picasso’s initial work then advanced to a Synthetic Cubism. As the many stages of Cubism occurred from their workshops, it developed strong to the art world that rather of countless meaning was trendy. The essential inventions of the new grace muddled the public, but the avant-garde saying in them the upcoming of art and original test, Sizes, biologicaltruth and endurance of life examples and substantial objects are wild. Painting resembles “a field of broken glass” as one spitefulopponentrenowned. This geometrically logicalmethod to form and colour, and crushing of article in effort into geometrical sharp-edged bonysmithereens baptized the drive into ‘Cubism’. A near look exposes very logicalobliteration or somewhat deconstruction into bony 3-dymensional coolsurfaces, some of which are giving others convex. Cubism suspicions “whole” images apparent by the retina, reflects them artificial and conventional, based on the effect of historical art. It discards these images and knows that perspective interplanetary is an illusory, lucidinvention or a sign system congenital from everything of art since the Renaissance.

History of cubism(c.1908-12)

The first work of Picasso is still life with chair caning. There are many types of phases of Cubism.the Cubism paintings will look fantastic, like more broken pieces. But all the edges are connected to other pieces. They were the analysis of form and breaking down the paintings. T he right-angled lines and straight lines

Were looking appear as sculptures. In the collage media works he used some painting on the media.

. The major role is

Development of modern art. It has been radical film impressionism and the post impressionism. The idea of the space was found in the new method of cubism. The geometrical shape is filling their complete’s a collage work in(1912).

Created by Pablo Picasso (1881 to 1973) and Georges Braque (1882 to 1963) and measured to be “the” radicalprogram of modern art, Cubism was a more intelligentstylishness of painting that travelled the two-dimensional picture by presentdiverse views of the same object, classicallyagreedin a sequences of overlapping remainssomewhat like a photographer might take some photos of an article from altered angles, before cutting them up with cutters and reorganizing them in hit-or-missfashion on a flat surface. This “analytical Cubism” (which createdby Picasso’s “Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon”) rapidlyprovided way to “synthetic Cubism: when performers began to include “found” article in their paintings, such as collages made since newspaper cutting. Famous Cubists contain the artists Juan Gris (1887 to 1927), Fernand Leger (1881 to 1927), Robert Delaunay (1885 to 1941), Albert Gleizes (1881 to 1953), Roger de La Fresnaye (1885 to 1925) Jena Metzinger (1883 to 1956), and Francis Picabia (1879 to 1953), Marcel Duchamp (1887 to 1968) he is a avant-garde artist, and the sculptors Jacques Lipchitz (1891 to 1973) and Alexander Archipenko (1887 to 1964) short lived its highly influential, Cubism introduce new styles of collage (1912 onwards) Orphism (1912 to1916, Purism (1920s) Precisionism (1920s, 1930s) Futurism (1909 to 1914) Rayonism (c.1901 to1920) Suprematism (1913 to 1920) Constructivism (c.1917 to 1921) and Vorticism (c.1913 to 1915).

Famous artis

Fernand leger

Albert gleizes

Roger de la fresnaye

Jean metzinger

Francis picabia

Marcel Duchamp

Sculptor Jacques Lipchitz

Alexander archipenko


(Beginning in 1924)

The Elephant Celebes by Max Ernst(1921)

It was acreative movement that transported together artists, philosophers and investigators in search of sense of look of the unconscious. They were penetrating for the meaning of new artistic, new humankind and a new social order. Surrealists had their forerunners in Italian Metaphysical Artists (Giorgio de Chirico) in early 1910’s.

As the artistic movement, Surrealism came into existence after the French writer Andre Breton 1924 published the first Manifested du surrealism. In this book Breton optional that balancedsupposed was oppressive to the controls of originality and fancy and thus hostile to artistic look. An admirer of Sigmund Freud and his idea of the subliminal, Breton felt that contact with this hidden part of the mind might produce lyricalfact.

Mostlyentrenched in the anti-art civilizations of the Dada movement (1916 to 1924), in addition to the psychoanalytical thoughts of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, Surrealism was the more influential art. Rendering to its chief philosopher, Ander Breton, it sought to syndicate the comatose with the aware, in instruction to make a new “super-reality” – a “surrealism” the movement crossed a huge range of styles, from concept to true-life realism, characteristicallyinterrupted with “unreal” imagery. Significant Surrealists included Salvador Dali (1904 to 1989), Max Ernst (1891 to 1976), Rene Magritte (1898 to 1967), Ander Masson (1896 to 1987), Yves Tanguy (1900 to 1055), Joan Miro (1893 to 1983), Giorgio de Chirico (1888 to 1978), Jean Arp (1886 to 1966), and Man Ray (1890 to 76). The movement has a major impact of European during in (1930) period, it has major forerunner to Conceptualism, and lasts to fine supporters in fine art, works and photography.

The psychoanalytical idea of the sigmud Freud and the cral Jung. Surrealism was the influential of art style of the interwar year.

Famous artists

Max Ernst

Rene Magritte

Andre Masson

Yves Tanguy

Joan miro

Giorgio de Chirico

Jean arp

Man ray

Giorgio De Chirico famous paintings




So this concludes our brief discussion, on surrealism and cubism, as we have seen many works of different artists, from different time periods we conclude this essay about this comparison.



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